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Ammonium Chloride

Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula NH4Cl. It is a colourless crystalline substance that is highly soluble in water. Ammonium chloride is mostly used as fertilizer and a flavouring agent in liquorice.

ArChem provides Ammonium chloride and other raw chemical materials such as Sodium Nitrate, Soda Ash, and SLES for various industrial applications. Additionally, ArChem provides customers with other chemical products including Nitrocellulose, Nitrocellulose solution, organic solvents, etc. for further information please contact our technical sales team in ArChem. 

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What is Ammonium Chloride?


Ammonium Chloride

ArChem Ammonium chloride (also known as Sal ammoniac and Ammonium muriate) is an inorganic chloride and an ammonium salt. Solutions of ammonium chloride are mildly acidic. This product is obtained as a by-product in different chemical processes, particularly from the solvay process for the production of sodium carbonate from sodium chloride, ammonia, carbon dioxide, and water.

Ammonium chloride Technical Properties 

ArChem Ammonium chloride in its pure form, is a white crystalline salt. The primary use of this product is as a source of nitrogen in fertilizers such as chloro ammonium phosphate. Chemical and physical properties of ArChem Ammonium chloride are listed below:

Molecular FormulaNH4Cl
IUPAC nameAmmonium chloride
Cas Number12125-02-9
Molecular weight53.49 g/mol
Density1.53 g cm–3
Boiling Point520 °C
Flashpointnot applicable
Melting Point338 °C
Ammonium Chloride global market

Ammonium chloride Applications

ArChem Ammonium chloride is used as a nitrogen supply in fertilizers and as an electrolyte in the dry cells. Other uses of ArChem Ammonium chloride include:

  • Medicine (especially in cough medicine) as an expectorant.
  • The glue helps to bond plywood.
  • Food additives (in bread making as a yeast nutrient).

Ammonium Chloride Production

Ammonium chloride is produced by the reaction of ammonia with hydrogen chloride.

NH3 + HCl → NH4Cl

It is also formed as the by-product of the Solvay Process. In this process, carbon dioxide and ammonia are passed into a cold saturated solution of sodium chloride.

CO2 + 2 NH3 + 2 NaCl + H2O → 2 NH4Cl + Na2CO3

Ammonium chloride Storage

Storage conditions of ArChem Ammonium chloride are listed below:

  • Ammonium chloride should be stored in a cool, dry and well-ventilated place.
  • This product should be kept out of direct sunlight and incompatible materials.
  • Recommended storage temperature of this product is 15 – 25 °C.

Ammonium chloride Health Hazards

Exposure to Ammonium chloride is moderately hazardous. Irritation, shortness of breath, cough, nausea, and headache are all symptoms of Ammonium chloride poisoning. Plus, the gases have the potential to cause severe eye discomfort. Some of the necessary first-aid measures are described below:

  • If inhaled, Provide fresh air. Seek medical attention immediately.
  • In case of ingestion, rinse the mouth with water (only if the person is conscious). Seek medical attention immediately.
  • If in the eyes, immediately irrigate the eyes with plenty of water for at least 10 minutes, holding the eyelids apart. In case of eye irritation consult an ophthalmologist.
  • In skin contact, rinse the skin with water while removing contaminated clothing. Get medical attention if irritation develops.

Operators should wash their hands before breaks and after work. they should use personal protective equipment and wear chemical impermeable gloves when handling Ammonium Chloride to avoid contact with the body, skin, and eyes.

Raw chemical materials are used in the production of chemicals, cosmetics, disinfectants, pharmaceuticals and food additives. ArChem provides customers with the best quality raw chemical materials and competitive prices on the market.

Please contact us for a price quote, to request detailed product information and specifications, or to have a sales representative call or visit.


What is Ammonium chloride used for? 

Ammonium chloride is used as a nitrogen supply in fertilizers and as an electrolyte in dry cells. Plus, it is used in food additives.

What is the other name of Ammonium chloride? 

Ammonium chloride is also known as Sal ammoniac and Ammonium muriate.

What is the price of Ammonium chloride? 

ArChem raw chemical materials can be purchased in a variety of volumes. Depending on your orders, Prices are different. for more information about the Ammonium chloride price, please contact our technical sales team in ArChem.

What is the CAS number of Ammonium Chloride? 

The CAS number of Ammonium chloride is 12125-02-9.

 What is the HS code for Ammonium Chloride? 

The HS Code of Ammonium Chloride is 28271000.

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